India-US relations are poised for a decade of transformation; QUAD leaders push for a rules-based Indo-Pacific

President Joe Biden heads to the Quad Summit with, from left to right, Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison, Indian Narendra Modi and Yoshihide Suga of Japan in the East Room of the White House on September 24 [Evan Vucci/AP Photo]

Prime Minister Narendra Modi and US President Joe Biden met for their first bilateral dialogue and this was followed by the first QUAD Leaders’ Summit in person, in Washington DC. A wide range of issues, including developments in Afghanistan, the fight against terrorism, COVID-19, defense cooperation and other matters of mutual interest were on the agenda of the talks between the two leaders.

“Together we can make a difference on a global scale,” Prime Minister Modi said in his talks with the American leader. This is PM Modi’s 7th visit to the United States after taking office in 2014.

He also told President Biden that under his leadership the seeds were sown for deeper and stronger Indo-American relations.

The transformation of Indo-US will be based on six pillars including: trade; Technology; Guardianship of the environment for future generations; talent of people on both sides; a tradition based on the tradition and democratic values ​​of the two countries; and finally trust because it is a partnership of trust.

The objective of the bilateral meeting between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and US President Joe Biden was the fight against terrorism.

According to sources, “the pernicious role played by Pakistan in Afghanistan, and therefore the need for the international community to be aware of it, has resonated with American interlocutors”.

Prior to the talks in Washington DC, the two countries had signed a memorandum of understanding on customs cooperation and another memorandum of understanding on health cooperation was finalized. This should be inked soon and it will facilitate cooperation in biomedical sciences and in the field of health.

The two sides agreed during the talks that the next round of sectoral dialogues will take place soon. Dates are being worked out for the next cycle of the Defense Policy Group; Health Dialogue and Trade Policy Forum (these will be at ministerial level); Dialogue on internal security; the Joint Counter-Terrorism Working Group; and Nomination Dialogue.

According to a joint statement released after the bilateral meeting, the inaugural summit meeting of the Industrial Security Agreement is expected to take place soon. This agreement signed between the two countries should facilitate high-end defense industrial collaboration.

The recent announcement of the co-development of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) under the Defense Technology and Trade Initiative was welcomed during the talks. And the two leaders urged the government and private stakeholders to use the existing ecosystems of innovation and entrepreneurship in defense industries, as this would be helpful in developing mutual defense trade as well as co-development and co-production.

The two countries are also developing counterterrorism technologies and are in the process of finalizing a bilateral framework. This cadre is formed by the US-India Counter-Narcotics Working Group and would contribute to efforts to combat drug trafficking, illicit drug production, and precursor chemical supply chains.

Prime Minister Modi and US President Joe Biden called on the Taliban to comply with UNSCR 2593 (2021). In this UN resolution, it is very clear that Afghan territory must not be used to threaten or attack a country or to harbor terrorists.

The two leaders agreed to provide humanitarian aid to Afghanistan and also called on the Taliban to allow safe, direct and unhindered access to the United Nations and its specialized agencies to carry out relief activities and provide assistance to the people. internally displaced.

Key takeaways from the QUAD summit

QUAD executives agreed to launch a semiconductor supply chain initiative; Support the deployment and diversification of 5G; Launch a Quad Senior Cyber ​​Group; Share satellite data to protect the Earth and its waters; and launch the Quad scholarship which will sponsor 100 students per year

Sources said that as part of the QUAD vaccine cooperation, all member countries welcomed India’s decision to resume vaccine exports from October. And continuing the initiative, it was noted that by October 2021, Biological E would produce 1 million doses of the Janssen vaccine. And 50 percent of the first shipment will be funded by India.

Prime Minister Modi was granted the seniority due to him and was asked to arrive last and first to leave at the top of the QUAD leadership. And, the US president referred to and amplified Prime Minister Modi’s comments, sources said.

At the end of the summit, members adopted a document on the Quad Principles on Critical and Emerging Technologies.

The summit was structured around four main themes: climate; Technology and cybersecurity; COVID-19 response; Afghanistan and regional security.

Indo-Pacific region

All QUAD members at the end of the summit pledged to ensure a “free” and “inclusive” Indo-Pacific. To cope with China’s growing presence in the region, the four member countries have agreed on an inclusive and resilient region.

In a joint statement released at the end of the meeting, the leaders of India, Japan, the United States and Australia expressed their commitment to providing a rules-based order anchored in international law. This would help strengthen the security and prosperity of the region.

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